Administration is the social science that aims to study organizations and technology responsible for the planning, organization, integration, management and control of resources (human, financial, material, technological, knowledge, etc.), in order to obtain the maximum possible benefit; This benefit can be social, economic, depending on the aims pursued by the organization.
Administration is a social science composed of principles, techniques and practices, whose application to groups allows to establish rational systems of cooperative effort, through which common purposes can be reached that individually is not feasible to achieve.
Administration is also a social science that pursues the satisfaction of institutional objectives through a structure and through coordinated human effort. It is the process whose sole purpose is the effective and efficient coordination of the resources of a social group to achieve its objectives with maximum productivity.
History of Administration
There are difficulties in going back to the origin of the history of administration; some writers trace the development administration to the Sumerian merchants and the ancient Egyptian builders of the pyramids, or to the organizational methods of the Church and the ancient militias. However, many pre-industrial companies, given their small scale, did not feel compelled to deal systematically with the administration’s applications.
Innovations such as the extension of Arabic numerals (between the V and XV century) and the appearance of double-entry bookkeeping in 1495 provided the tools for planning and control of the organization, and thus the formal birth of modern administration. However, it is in the nineteenth century when the first publications reflect the fact that administration was discussed in a scientific manner and the first approach of a method that claimed urgency given the emergence of the Industrial Revolution.